Who is Affected by Eczema and What Causes it?

Who is Affected by Eczema and What Causes it?

Who is Affected by Eczema?

32 million people in the US
1 in 5 children
1 in 12 adults

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a common, non-contagious, dry skin condition which can lead to dry, scaly skin with some redness and itching, though in more severe cases the skin can crack, bleed, and/or crust. There are many different types of eczema, or dermatitis.

Types of Eczema

Atomic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema, is the classic scaly patches that usually begin in childhood and affect the extensor surfaces of the arms and backs of the knees.

Irritant or allergic contact dermatitis is a reaction to a topical product applied to the skin. Eczema on hands is very common.

Nummular eczema is a type of eczema with coin-shaped scaly patches occurring usually on the lower extremities.

Seborrheic dermatitis occurs in common oil-producing (sebaceous) glands like the upper back, nose and scalp.

Dyshidrotic eczema are small, itchy blisters on the edges of the fingers, toes, palms, and soles of the feet.

Stasis dermatitis occurs when there is a problem with blood flow in the veins and pressure builds up, often occurring in the lower legs.

What Causes Eczema?

"How do you get eczema?" is one of the most frequently asked questions.

It has long been thought that a combination of genetics along with environmental triggers has played a role in causing eczema. Eczema patient’s skin is unable to properly retain moisture, which may be caused by a deficiency in naturally occurring moisturizing factors found in normal skin.

An emerging concept is taking into consideration the idea of the microbiome and promoting healthy bacteria already present on the skin. Topical products, which foster the growth of healthy bacteria present on the skin (“prebiotic” topicals), can potentially shift the balance in favor of wellness (healthy skin) versus disease (atopic skin).